The Financial System Limit: The world's real debt burden

"Neither Keynes nor his disciples foresaw the eventual creation of unaffordable debt nearly a century later."

"One of the most fascinating books I've ever read" - Reviewer

View figure 1 Paying more to the banking system and figure 7 The long fall in LIBOR

   UK edition  

US edition (Pathway Book Service)

A deeper problem lies behind the current inflationary crisis.  Every past economic problem has been "solved" by stimulus, i.e. more credit, which is debt.  Now the world cannot afford its existing debt burden.  And the debt problem is in the private sector, not governments' own borrowing.  Expanding credit has pushed house prices up so that younger people cannot afford a home.  Continued stimulus therefore makes our economic plight worse.

Economies were sluggish before the pandemic arrived.  The pandemic and world events have reduced economic activity.

In The Financial System Limit, British investment manager David Kauders FRSA puts forward three radical theories which show that Keynesian economics has gradually turned from a benefit to society, into a damaging scheme. Other economic policies are also not addressing the fundamental problem, which is the world’s inability to afford private sector debts already created.

The author challenges the existing academic and political consensus about how economies should be managed. The old arguments about sound money versus stimulus, as well as contemporary arguments that governments controlling their own currency can create as much credit as they wish, are fundamentally inappropriate to a world in which private sector debt far exceeds public debt and carries a higher, rising, interest cost.

Whether you are a concerned individual, an academic, politician, banker or even a policymaker, read about a different view of the current financial orthodoxies, one that will provoke serious debate and even action.

The UK print edition includes a postscript about Brexit and debt levels.

Radical thinkers might have a point” was how the Financial Times described David Kauders’ first book The Greatest Crash: How contradictory policies are sinking the global economy. This new book offers further original thought.

As some e-readers do not display large diagrams effectively, Figure 1 and Figure 7 are available to view.

See print edition availability and stores                                      UK edition 

Listen to BBC radio interview


Guest articles

Online Opinion Australia 24 February 2021 Private sector debt is a burden, not a benefit

Public Finance 24 July 2020 - Debt limit: why we need a new financing approach

The London Economic 20 July 2020 - Increasing the UK's total debt will not help us escape recession

Business Matters Magazine 16 July 2020 - Introducing the Financial System Limit

Table of contents

Part one: Three radical thoughts

1   The financial system limit

2   Debt interest is a cost to society

3   The central banking economic cycle

Part two: Academic theory and case studies

4   Academic theory

5   Two case studies of the financial system limit

6   Pensions

Part three: How can the world escape its debt problem?

7   Existing ideas

8   Tackling the cost of interest to society

Part four: The pandemic and the financial system limit

9   Impact of the pandemic

10 Deflation

Postscript: Britain's real debt problem

The postscript is only published in the UK print edition 9781907230790


"One of the most fascinating books I've ever read ... I am recommending this book, and will, It is a must in one's library and to be transmitted to next generations." - Flo Jacquet, Teacher, France

*  *  *

"The author provides a historical view of how we reached the point where the level of global debt is unsustainable and now compounded by a global pandemic. The book is understandable by those without a deep financial background.

"Kauders, who has decades of experience as an investment manager makes the case for the difficult situation we, as global citizens, are confronted with." - Librarything reviewer

*  *  *

"A very good book about the financial system. How debt works. How debt works and has worked for and against various countries at various times. Highly recommended!" - Hal Perlman, USA

*  *  *

"The book pleas to measure interest cost on total debt in relation to economic output. A deep recession and consequential financial upset were inevitable in a world that could not resolve the conflict between stimulus and austerity, a world that remained addicted to debt, a world that refused to admit the limit to the growth of debt caused by the cost of servicing it. That's what David Kauders wants to highlight." - Henk van der Klis, Netherlands

*  *  *

"Credit to Kauders for sharing his observations, experience and proposing solutions." - Librarything reviewer

* * *

"This book by David Kauders provides some unique and interesting insights on macroeconomics and money in general. The topic of debt is such a complex and loaded topic but Kauders approaches it in an easy to understand manner (you don't have to have an economics background). This book is a not a light read or an easy read but its worth the read." - Reviewer, Canada

* * *

"The book starts with a “Definitions and Explanations” section, which is helpful in clarifying some terms and concepts...

"One of the author's main points seems to be that credit can not be created forever, because there reaches a point at which the debt level of a society makes repayment of the debt impossible. Kauders discusses this and other ideas, including the economic strategies of governments to deal with the pandemic, the true cost of debt, and economic cycles cause by central banking policies. His ideas about modern monetary theory and pensions are interesting." - Review posted on

UK edition

Other books by David Kauders

The Greatest Crash: How contradictory policies are sinking the global economy

Understanding Brexit Options: What future for Britain?



The Financial System Limit

The paperback edition is not available in the UK or USA.  (H) Hardcover edition link.

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The Financial System Limit: The world's real debt burden

E-book ISBN: 978-1-907230-77-6   Ebook ISBN: 9781907230776

Print Paperback (World except UK, USA) ISBN 9781907230783, 156 pages

Print hardcover (USA, world except UK) ISBN 9781907230769, 156 pages

Print hardcover (UK, world except USA) ISBN 9781907230790 (UK print edition has subtitle Britain's real debt burden and postscript, 160 pages)


About the author

David Kauders FRSA was educated at Latymer Upper School, Jesus College Cambridge and Cranfield School of Management. He is an investment manager and also contributes occasional articles to the UK financial press.

Follow David Kauders on Twitter

Printed editions

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US hardcover (cloth) 156pp
9781907230769 USD 20, CAD 24.  World except UK
UK hardcover (sewn binding) 160pp incl. UK postscript
9781907230790 GBP 17.95. World except US.  Direct price £9
Quality paperback 156pp
9781907230783 Australia and selected other countries, not UK, not US
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e-book (one edition worldwide)

Available now  £4.99, €5.99, US$6.99
ISBN: 978-1-907230-77-6
Published by Sparkling Books